Essential nutrition refers to the nutrients that the body cannot produce on its own and must be obtained from the diet. These essential nutrients include certain amino acids, vitamins, and minerals that are required for normal growth and development, as well as for maintaining overall health and well-being.
The essential amino acids are the building blocks of proteins and they are required for the growth and repair of body tissues. The essential vitamins are organic compounds that play an important role in many body functions, including metabolism, immune function, and the formation of red blood cells. The essential minerals are inorganic elements that are required for various body functions, including maintaining strong bones, healthy teeth and normal nerve and muscle function.
The essential nutrients include:
- Essential amino acids: histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine.
- Essential vitamins: vitamin A, vitamin B1 (thiamine), vitamin B2 (riboflavin), vitamin B3 (niacin), vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, and vitamin K.
- Essential minerals: Calcium, Chloride, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Molybdenum, Phosphorus, Potassium, Selenium, Sodium, and Zinc.
It’s important to note that the specific nutrient requirements may vary depending on factors such as age, sex, pregnancy, breastfeeding, and physical activity level. Additionally, some people may have specific medical conditions that require additional nutrients, and some may have restrictions or allergies that require avoiding certain foods. It’s recommended to consult with a registered dietitian or nutritionist to get personalized advice and guidance on an appropriate nutrition plan that meets your specific needs.