Nutrition deficiency, also known as malnutrition, is a condition that occurs when the body does not receive enough of the essential nutrients it needs to function properly. These essential nutrients include carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals. Nutrition deficiency can occur as a result of inadequate dietary intake, malabsorption or a combination of both.
There are many different types of nutrition deficiencies, each caused by a lack of specific nutrients. Some common nutrition deficiencies include:
- Iron deficiency anemia, which occurs when there is not enough iron in the diet to produce enough red blood cells.
- Vitamin A deficiency, which can cause night blindness and other eye problems.
- Vitamin D deficiency, which can cause bone weakness, osteoporosis and muscle weakness
- Vitamin C deficiency, which can cause scurvy, which is characterized by symptoms like fatigue, joint and muscle aches, and skin problems.
- Vitamin B12 deficiency, which can cause anemia, nerve damage, and other problems.
- Iodine deficiency, which can cause thyroid problems, including goiter
- Zinc deficiency, which can cause growth retardation, immune dysfunction, and skin disorders.
Nutrition deficiencies can have a wide range of negative effects on health, depending on the specific nutrient that is lacking. In some cases, they can lead to serious health problems or even death. Therefore, it’s important to ensure adequate intake of essential nutrients by following a balanced diet, and consulting with a healthcare professional if you suspect you may have a nutrition deficiency.