Nutrition science is the study of how the body uses food, vitamins, and minerals to grow, maintain and repair itself. It is a multidisciplinary field that incorporates knowledge from biology, chemistry, biochemistry, and other sciences to understand the relationship between diet and health.
Nutrition science seeks to understand how different nutrients, such as carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals, impact the body and how to optimize their intake for health and well-being. It also studies how the body processes and metabolizes these nutrients, and how different factors such as genetics, lifestyle, and disease, can affect this process.
The field of nutrition science also encompasses the study of how food is produced, prepared, and consumed, as well as how it can be used to prevent and treat various health conditions.
Nutrition science research is used to develop dietary guidelines and recommendations, as well as to evaluate the safety and efficacy of food products, supplements and functional foods. The knowledge generated by nutrition science is used by healthcare professionals such as registered dietitians and nutritionists, as well as by food industry, policy makers and educators, to promote health and prevent disease.
It’s important to note that nutrition science is a constantly evolving field and new research is constantly shedding light on the complex relationships between diet and health, so it’s important to stay up to date with the most current evidence-based recommendations.